InterpolationCoefficients[interpolationpoint,controlpointlist,distmat,conlistslist,interpolationorder,(options)] gives a vector of interpolation coefficients for the point interpolationpoint for Method→"ObtuseAngle". The scalar product between this vector and the vector of function values in the distinct points in the controlpointlist gives the interpolated value in the point interpolationpoint. As last value in the function value list, the CutoffValue should be appended. For zeroth order the interpolated value is the average of the surrounding points. The argument distmat should give the distance matrix for the control points. The distance matrix does not need to be symmetric. The argument conlistslist should be a list of connection lists with the option NeighborLevel running from 1 to interpolationorder. If interpolationorder is zero, NeighborLevel should be 1. The argument interpolationorder should be 0, 1, 2, or 3. If this sounds too complicated, use the Interpolation command with Method → "ObtuseAngle", with a simpler interface. Then this command is called indirectly. But please check the interactive examples below! 
CutoffRadius  Infinity  points separated by twice the CutoffRadius or more are not connected  
DistanceFunction  Automatic  distance function to use in calculation of the distance matrix and the calculation of the distance from the interpolation point to the control points. Note, that the function here is expected to return the square of the distance.  
Type  Directed  the connection graph can be Directed or Undirected 
If we now take the scalar products of these two vectors, we should obtain the interpolated value again.
InterpolationCoefficients is a part of the algorithm for Interpolation with Method→"ObtuseAngle". However, the same vector, apart from the ending CutoffValue value, can also be obtained by entering the IdentityMatrix as a list of function values. Note that the function values for Interpolation does not need to be scalars, they can also be vectors or other objects. With this method, the interpolation coefficients could be found for any of the Interpolation methods.
Here is another way to see the interpolation coefficients: Let the function values be f1, f2, ..., f10
If we call the function Interpolation with Method→"ObtuseAngle" without specifying the point, we get back a function containing an InterpolationCoefficients function call
